If you are not familiar with the term “metal fabrication,” here’s a brief overview: Metal fabrication is, in a nutshell, the creation or construction of metal structures—like stairways, industrial piping, catwalks, signage and artwork. It is also utilized in the assembly process of vehicles and heavy machinery; the person doing this is called a metal fabricator. These are highly skilled individuals who have received training on how to use all sorts of tools used in metal fabrication projects. They are also knowledgeable in the various methods that can be used for altering metal to best fit your particular project.
So, the next time you find yourself in need of a specific type of metal, or a particular size or shape for any metal pieces, head to a professional metal machine shop for services. A shop will have the right equipment to get a job done in a quick and efficient manner, all while working with a customer to ensure their metal project goes as planned. With this in mind, let’s look at some common types of fabrication processes that a metal fabricator in Phoenix, AZ might use.
The following techniques are employed to change the metal’s shape to create a specific design:
- Bending: It’s common for a press brake machine to be used to pinch sheet metal into whatever shapes are needed for a project. As its name suggests, the bending technique forms bends or creases.
- Spinning: Also known as spin forming, this particular type of metal fabrication spins metal to form a unique shape. Spinning is used specifically for manufacturing cylindrical components.
- Rolling: Roll forming is the process in which a lot of bending actions are used for shaping metal. To do this, metal is put through roller dies that will deform and bend metal materials.
- Deep drawing: Some projects require metal components to be stretched into specific shapes; this is done through deep drawing. The forced tension results in a planned cup shape.
Other methods used during the fabrication process include:
- Cutting: Mechanical saws, laser beams and torches are options for cutting during the metal fabrication process, but power scissors are another, less strenuous way to cut.
- Punching: Just like it sounds, to punch metal is to purposely put a hole in it. Pressure is applied to a punch and die tool to make holes in different spots on a metal sheet or component.
- Stamping: Stamping is similar to punching, but there is one big difference: instead of creating whole with punching, stamping results in a raised shaped portion on metal materials—there is no metal penetration.
- Shearing: The process of shearing utilizes two tools working together to make one long cut through sheet metal. One tool is on top and the other is underneath it. Pressure is applied to the two tools, with the sheet metal in between that requires cutting.
Working on a metal project and need specialized cutting and shaping? If so, don’t hesitate to contact the team at Metal Pro Inc. to collaborate with a professional metal fabricator in Phoenix, AZ.